Nigeria's Headline Inflation Increased to 22.22% in April 2023: What this Means for Investors

Recent Inflation Figures

Headline inflation  – 22.22% (y/y) in April 2023 from 22.04% in March 2023.
Food inflation – 24.61% y/y in April 2023 from 24.46% in March 2023.
Core inflation – 20.14% in April 2023 from 19.86% in March 2023.

The latest inflation figures showed that headline, food, and core inflation increased further in the month of April 2023. This continuous increase in inflation rates can have several implications for your investments. Here are some considerations:

Real Rate of Return:

The real rate of return is the nominal rate of return minus the rate of inflation. If the inflation rate is high and the nominal rate of return on investment is low, the real rate of return can even be negative, meaning that the investor is losing purchasing power over time. In such a scenario, you may need to adjust your asset allocation and look for investments that would yield better returns to offset the impact of inflation.

Fixed-Income Investments:

High inflation can be detrimental to fixed-income investments. The fixed-interest payments may lose value over time as the increasing inflation rate might erode the gains that might have been accrued over the investment tenor.

Stocks and Equities:

Some companies may benefit from rising prices, as they can pass on the higher costs to consumers, leading to higher revenues and profits. On the other hand, high inflation can also hurt companies with high input costs and lower profit margins, as they may not be able to pass on these costs to consumers. It’s important to analyze the impact of inflation on specific sectors and companies to make better investment decisions.


In an environment with high inflation rate, diversification becomes even more critical for investors to spread risks across various asset classes and geographic locations. This can help mitigate the impact of inflation on a specific asset class or region and ensure that the overall portfolio remains resilient under different economic conditions.

Monitor Policy Decisions:

 In this climate, it’s crucial to closely monitor monetary policy decisions by the CBN and other regulatory authorities, as these can significantly impact investments. For instance, the CBN’s decision to raise interest rates to combat inflation can have a direct impact on bond yields, stock prices, and the overall investment landscape. Keeping an eye on interest rate changes and other macroeconomic indicators helps you adjust your investment strategies accordingly to take advantage of market opportunities and mitigate risks associated with high inflation rate.

In conclusion, the increase in inflation rates can have far-reaching implications for investors. It is crucial that you do your research and seek guidance from professionals before making any investment decisions.